br>From the Wampanoag point of view, the principal effect of the incorporation of Gay Head was the alienation of Wampanoag Indian District Lands (reservation), which was in violation of the Federal Non-Intercourse Act of 1790. Because the Tribe controlled the Gay Head town government for more than a century since 1870, ...
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) 20 Black Brook Road, Aquinnah, MA 02535-1546. Phone: (508) 645 9265 Fax: (508) 645-3790 Monday through Friday, 9 am to 5 pm ...
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Native American Project Lost Souls Genealogy Wampanoag TribesThis article was written by Nancy Eldredge, Nauset Wampanoag and Penobscot. The Wampanoag are one of many Nations of people all over North America who were here long before any Europeans arrived, and have survived until today. Many people use the word “Indian” to describe us, but we prefer to be called Native.
In 1616, traders from Europe brought yellow fever to Wampanoag territory. The geographical area affected was all of the 69 tribes of the Wampanoag Nation from present day Provincetown, MA to Narragansett Bay; the boundary of the Wampanoag and Narragansett Nations. Fully two thirds of the entire Wampanoag Nation ... br>
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Kathleen Bragdon Collaborates with the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe in Land-into-Trust Project | William & MaryThe Wampanoag tribe has its own reservation on Martha's Vineyard. Reservations are lands that belong to Indian tribes and are under their control. The Wampanoag tribe has its own government, laws, police, and other services, just like a small country. But the Wampanoag are also US citizens and must obey American law ...
Another thing the war did was end the peaceful cohabitation of the New World and white settlers began to dominate the Native Americans. Today, about 3,000 Wampanoag Indians still live in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. There is a reservation for the Wampanoag Indians on Martha's Vineyard that was set up by the ... br>
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Original Vineyarders - New York TimesJump to Reservations - Reservations.
Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Museum, Mashpee: See 22 reviews, articles, and 25 photos of Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Museum, ranked No.8 on TripAdvisor among 19 attractions in Mashpee. br>
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Mashpee Wampanoag Reservation Proclamation - YouTubeThe federal government officially designated Mashpee Wampanoag lands as a reservation on Friday, a move the Cape Cod tribe says paves the way for construction of a resort casino and establishment of a sovereign tribal nation within...
This video is about the Mashpee Wampanoag Reservation Proclamation. br>
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Wampanoag Indian Tribe; from Wampanoag Confederacy to First Light Casino - New Bedford GuideNative American Project Lost Souls Genealogy Wampanoag Tribes Wampanoag Tribes Before the Europeans settled in New England, the Wampanoag tribes numbered more than 12,000 people.
Massasoit, the leader head sachem of the tribes greeted the Pilgrims when the landed at Plymouth in 1620.
They helped the Europeans survive the first winter, teaching which crops grew.
They lived in present day southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island and their area included Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket and Elizabeth Islands.
Today, they have a small area on Martha's Vineyard.
Many of their descendants are scattered to the winds, with a large population in Bermuda, where they had been sold as slaves.
Wampanoag means "People of the First Light".
In 1616, John Smith erroneously identified the Wampanoags as Pakanoket.
The Pakanoket tribes were centered around present day Bristol, Rhode Island.
In 1614, Adriaen Block identified the Wampanoag's on his map as Wapanoos.
Other names used to identify these tribes were Wapenock, Massasoit and Phillip's Indians.
The Wampanoags moved seasonally to specific locations in southern New Are do video games increase iq really />They raised maize, beans and squash, and supplemented their diets with fish and game.
Each community had authority over a well-defined area.
People maintained their livelihood through seasonal fishing, planting, harvesting and hunting.
Because the area was so populated, hunting areas were specifically defined.
Land was heriditary and claims were passed down through the mother.
Mother's would leave their daughters their property, regardless of their marital status.
The work was established through the families.
Families gathered together in the spring to fish and in the early winter to hunt, but in the summer, they went to their individual plots to cultivate their crops.
Boys grew up learning how to be good hunters and woodmen and to survive outdoors.
Girls grew up learning to work in the fields and around the family wetu, the round or oval hut that was easily moved.
Women were the primary food gatherers, tending their plots, gathering nuts, berries, etc.
Men were responsible for the hunting and fishing, but the women prepared their kill.
http://bitcoin-slot.top/video-game/video-game-zork.html Wampanoags were organized into a confederation, made up of smaller tribes.
The head sachem was the political leader over all the sachems or leaders of all the smaller groups.
The English sometimes referred to the sachems as "King" which is read more in many ways.
The different groups of Wampanoags were the Gay Head or Aquinnah located on western point of Martha's Vineyard; Chappaquiddick on Chappaquiddick Island; Nantucket on Nantucket Island, Nauset on Cape Cod; Mashpee on Cape Cod; Patuxet on Plymouth Bay; Pokanoket near Bristol, Rhode Island; Pocasset near present-day Fall River, Massachusetts; Herring Pond near Plymouth and Cape Cod; and the Assonet at Freetown.
There were also about fifty more groups, that are not specifically identified.
Although it was acceptable for couples to have sex outside of marriage, during marriage, no infidelity was permitted.
Marriage was solemnized by parental consent and public notice.
Monogamy was normal, however there were a few who practices polygamy.
Since clan and family ties were more important that marital ties, divorce was common.
The Wampanoags spoke a dialect of the Massachusett-Wampanoag language that is part of the Algonquin languages.
After the American Revolution, when a number of males had lost their lives, women were forced to look beyond their boundaries for spouses.
Without anyone to converse with in their own language, it was lost.
Although there has been a recent revival of this language among the Wampanoag.
One of the earliest known contacts between Europeans and the Wampanoag occurred in 1614, when Captains of merchant vessels and fishing boats travelling along the New England coast captured Native Americans and sold them as slaves in Europe.
Captain Thomas Hunt captured several Wampanoags and sold them as slaves in Spain.
One Patuxet, Squanto Tisquantum was purchased by Spanish monks who attempted to convert him.
The eventually set him free and Squanto signed on as a translator on a ship headed to Newfoundland in 1619.
Making his way from Newfoundland to his tribal areas, he discovered that his entire tribe, including his family had died in an epidemic.
New analysis of the epidemic between 1616 and 1619 leads researchers to believe that the disease was leptospirosis.
This epidemic was probably pivotal in the success of the colonists, as the tribes were so weakened in numbers.
When the Pilgrims arrived, Squanto and other Wampanoags taught them how to grow corn, squash and beans, fish and harvest other seafood.
The Wampanoags go here suffered more info series of losses, of land, spirit and numbers in the decade before the Pilgrims landed.
The Tarrantine War resulted in the Micmac tribes taking the coast from the Penobscot tribes.
After their victory, the Micmac began attacking the Wampanoag.
The Pequot tribes moved into Connecticut and began to harry them there.
Those tribes who traded with the Europeans during this time also succumbed to diseases as epidemics came through.
In some of the Wampanoag tribes, as many as ninety percent of the people died.
Tribes and tribal groups within the Wampanoags reorganized with the population decline.
Where there had been ten groups, they reorganized in some places as one.
The Wampanoags were now forced to submit to the Narrangasett, an inland rival.
The Narrangasett had begun to demand tribute from the Wampanoags.
With the arrival of the Europeans, Massasoit, Head Sachem of the Wampanoags, hoped that they would aid them in overcoming the Narrangasett's oppression.
In 1621, Massasoit signed over about 12000 acres to the Pilgrims.
The Narrangasett became suspicious of the alliance between the Wampanoag and the English.
However, before the Narrangasett could react, they were attacked by the Pequot.
When Massasoit became ill in 1623, the English nursed him back to health.
The Plymouth Colony continued to grow and in 1632, when the Narrangasett had finished their war with the Pequot and Mohawk, they attacked Massasoit's village of Sowam.
With English aid, the Wampanoag's drove off the Narrangasett.
In 1630, the Puritans began arriving and settling near present-day Boston.
The Puritans were barely tolerant of other Christian faiths and had no tolerance for the Native Americans, believing they were savages.
The Puritans were soldiers and traders and pushed west into the Connecticut River Valley.
In wampanoag reservation, they defeated the Pequot Confederation.
In 1643, the Mohicans, with help from the English, defeated the Narrangasetts, and became the dominant tribe in southern New England.
Where the Pilgrims had either purchased or had permission to use the land from the tribes, the Puritans merely took.
The tribal population continued to decline with epidemics in 1633, 1635, 1654 and 1667.
After 1640, John Eliot and other Puritan missionaries devised "praying towns" for converting the Natives to Christianity and an English way of life.
Those converts had to not only convert to Christianity, but they had to change from a matriarchial society to a patriarchial society.
They had to renounce migratory hunting patterns and become "civilized" to the English way of thinking.
Old Indian Meeting House built in 1684 at Marshpee.
The oldest Native American Church building in the U S The success of the "praying towns" varied with location.
On Martha's Vineyard, the Natives were not required to attend church and therefore assimilated English customs into their lives more easily.
However, as the English missionaries attempted to poise a patriarchial society on the Natives, it became increasingly difficult.
Native women turned to Christianity as a way out for them and their men who had become alcoholics.
Alcoholism was rampant among the tribes in the later part of the Seventeenth Century.
In their tribes, the women were the spiritual leaders of the home.
The women were also easier to convert.
In English society, men were supposed to be the spiritual leaders.
Massasoit even took on English customs.
Before he died in 1661, he asked the Plymouth legistors to give his sons English names.
For the oldest son, Wamsutta, the English gave him the name Alexander.
The younger son, Metacomet, they chose Philip.
When Massasoit died, Wamsutta became the sachem.
The English were not pleased, believing him to be too self-confident.
On the way home, he became sick and died.
The Wampanoag were told that he died of a fever, but the tribes believed that he was poisoned.
The English dubbed him King Philip.
Although Metacomet was not a radical sachem but during his rule the relationship between the Wampanoag and the colonists took a drastic turn.
Metacomet saw that eventually the English would take over everything and he decided to slow their progress.
At the time, the Wampanoag numbered only about 1000.
The colonists numbered 35,000.
Metacomet went to neighboring tribes to gather support.
However, even with support from other tribes, there were still only 15,000 Native Americans.
In http://bitcoin-slot.top/video-game/chicago-tribune-video-gaming.html, Metacomet met with the English and signed an agreement that the Wampanoag would give up their firearms.
To be safe, he didn't stay for the meal afterwards and the Wampanoag never gave up their firearms.
The English continued to sieze land.
Metacomet received wampanoag reservation word that he would have the aid of the Nipmuck, the Pocomtuc and the Narrangasett.
The attack was planned for spring 1676.
However, in March 1675, John Sassamon's body was found beneath the frozen Assawompset Pond.
John Sassamon was raised in Natick, one of Eliot's praying towns, and educated at Harvard College.
Sassamon was a scribe, intrepreter and counsellor to Metacomet and the Wampanoags.
Before his death, Sassamon had informed Governor Josiah Winslow that the Wampanoags were planning to attack.
Thus began King Philip's war.
After the war, the Wampanoags were nearly exterminated.
Many of their leaders were dead.
Only 400 Wampanoags survived the war.
The Narrangasetts and Nipmucks had similar losses and wampanoag reservation smaller tribes were gone.
Many of the Wampanoags were sold into slavery.
Men were sent to West Indies, Bermuda, Virginia or the Iberian Peninsula.
Women were used as slaves among the colonists.
Metacomet's wife and son were both sent to Bermuda and his descendants are there.
Of those not sold into slavery, they were forced to move into one of four praying towns.
Of the fourteen video game corleone michael towns John Eliot established, only the towns of Natick, Wamesit, Punkapoag, and Hassenamesit were reopened after the war.
The coastal island's Wampanoag groups who had remained neutral were not forced to relocate.
The largest Wampanoag Reservation in Massachusetts was on Cape Cod.
This was the home of the Mashpee Wampanoags.
In 1660, they were given 50 sq miles.
In 1665, they were given the right of self governance.
In 1763, it was integrated as the District of Mashpee and in 1788, the state revoked their right to self-governance.
Instead a committee of five whites was set up to wampanoag reservation the reservation.
In 1834, a portion of their self-governance was returned to them.
In 1842, each family was parcelled out 60 acres.
Encroachment by whites continued, they had more trouble than other areas that were more isolated.
On Martha's Vineyard, there were three reservations.
Chappaquiddick, Christiantown, and Gay Head.
Chappaquiddick was located on the east end of the Chappaquiddick Island.
Most of the land was infertile.
In 1849, they owned 692 acres of infertile land.
Most of the residents moved to nearby Edgartown so they could learn trades and support their families.
Christiantown was located northwest of Tisbury on Martha's Vineyard.
In 1849, all but 10 acres of the 390 were distributed among the tribal members.
The land yielded poor crops and many tribal members left for the cities to find jobs so they could support their families.
Through oral tradition, it is known that Christiantown was wiped out by a smallpox epidemic in 1888.
The third reservation on Martha's Vineyard was founded by the New England Company in 1711.
The New England Company's goal was to christianize the Indians.
To that end, they purchased the land and the tribe had free reign manage themselves.
The tribe enacted strict requirements for membership.
As a result of their isolation, they did not lose their tribal identity until well after others had lost theirs.
In 1763, the Wampanoags were almost completely destroyed on Nantucket by an unknown epidemic.
The last Nantucket Wampanoag died in 1855.
Today, there are five organized tribes of the Wampanoags; Assonet, Gay Head, Herring Pond, Mashpee, and Namasket.
All have applied for federal recognition.
The Mashpee still have their reservation on Cape Cod.
Tribal members still own land at Chappaquiddick and Christiantown.
There is also a remnant of Wampanoags on St David's Island, Bermuda.
These are descendants of those who were sold in the aftermath of King Philip's Wampanoag reservation />Nothing contained herein is to be used for other than personal research and is not to be reposted, captured or cached on another server without the express written consent of the contributor or web host.